Two of the biggest causes of divorce are adultery and financial problems. Because adultery is so frowned upon in our society, it’s understandable why spouses would wonder if infidelity could bar a cheating spouse from spousal support, otherwise known as “alimony” in some states. If your marriage has unraveled because someone cheated, does that mean the innocent spouse can use the affair against the other spouse to eliminate spousal support? In a word, “no” and we’ll explain why.
California is a No-Fault Divorce State
In the United States, we have what are called “no-fault” divorce states and “mixed states,” which allow spouses to file for divorce on fault or no-fault grounds. In mixed states, one of the common fault-based grounds for divorce is in fact adultery.
California is strictly a no-fault divorce state. California family court judges are not generally interested in hearing that a spouse had a one-night-stand or a full-blown affair. In other words, California judges are not usually concerned about marital misconduct for the purposes of determining spousal support. There is one exception, however, and it has to do with domestic violence.
If the spouse seeking support has committed domestic violence against the higher-earning spouse or a member of the household and this can be proven, the finding of domestic violence can bar a lower-earning spouse from receiving spousal support.
Wasting Marital Assets
There is another issue and that is wasting marital assets or “wasteful dissipation of marital assets.” If the cheating spouse, whether it was the higher-earning spouse or the supported spouse, wasted marital funds on a paramour, that can affect property division or spousal support, or both.
For example, if a cheating husband took his girlfriend on a lavish vacation behind his wife’s back and used marital funds, the judge will frown upon it and it can certainly impact the divorce settlement. On the other hand, if the husband quietly visited with his girlfriend at her apartment and never took her out, since marital funds were not wasted, the affair would not likely impact the divorce settlement.