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Family Law Writs

California Family Law Writ Attorneys

What is a Family Law Writ?

A writ is an order issued by the reviewing court to an inferior court, such as a trial court, compelling or prohibiting it from a judicial action. The writ must be issued in cases where there is not a plain, speedy, and adequate remedy. It must be issued upon the verified petition of the party beneficially interested. However, approximately 90 percent of petitions seeking extraordinary relief by writ are denied. This is because writ review is deemed extraordinary and appellate courts are normally reluctant to grant it, unless there is no other adequate remedy available. A writ can be denied without a written opinion or oral argument explaining why it was denied by the court.
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There are three types of writs:

Certiorari

Certiorari is granted to review judicial acts of an inferior tribunal, such as a trial court, when that court has “exceeded [its] jurisdiction.” This type of writ is like an appeal because it reviews the record of the lower court, and either affirms or annuls the judgment or order of the lower court.

Prohibition

Prohibition restrains or prevents judicial action. This type of writ is directed at jurisdictional defects, such as an inconvenient forum or improper venue.

Mandamus

Mandamus can be issued against a public body or public officer to compel the performance of an act which the law specially orders. This is done in cases where there is not a plain, speedy, and adequate remedy. For example, the performance of a ministerial act such as an entry of judgment, which a petitioner is clearly entitled to.

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When can I file a writ petition?

Request for writ review must contain a verified petition, supporting memorandum, exhibits, an adequate record, and a proof of service. The party seeking writ review must have a “beneficial interest” in the lawsuit, which means some special interest or some right to be preserved or protected and above the public interest. The petition must address the grounds for relief, the inadequacy of other remedies, and the “prayer” specifying the desired writ.

The following are general criteria for determining the appropriateness of a writ:

  • The issue presented in the writ petition is of widespread interest or a significant and novel constitutional issue
  • The trial court's order deprived petitioner an opportunity to present a substantial portion of his cause of action
  • Conflicting trial court interpretations of the law
  • The trial court's order is both clearly erroneous and creates a substantial prejudice towards the petitioner's case
  • The party seeking the writ lacks an adequate means to attain relief
  • The petitioner will suffer harm or prejudice that cannot be corrected on appeal

Common family law orders reviewable by writ are as follows:

  • A prejudgment order on child custody or visitation made either ex parte or at a request for order (RFO) hearing.
  • Contempt orders
  • Temporary child custody orders
  • An order granting or denying change of venue
  • An order, before judgment, on exclusive use and possession of property
  • A denial of pendente lite attorney fees when the requested fee award is necessary to hire counsel for an imminent child custody hearing
  • Hearings on discovery and pleading motions
  • An order denying a continuance
  • An order granting or denying an expungement motion
  • An order denying a motion to quash a case for lack of personal jurisdiction or an inconvenient forum.
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